Bethlehem is a city under Palestine authority, which is located in the west bank of the holy land.
It is located about 10 kilometers south of Jerusalem, standing at an elevation of about 760 meters above the sea.
The city which considered being a center of tourism and culture by the Palestinians is a meaningful, special holy place for Christians.
That is due to the belief that it is the birthplace of Jesus of Nazareth.
It was the place where the birth of the Messiah happened, due to the gospels reports.
For the Jews the outskirt of the city holds a traditional site, with Rachel's tomb, which is important in Judaism.
It is also the birth place of the second king of Israel, David; and the place where he was anointed as king by Samuel the prophet.
The largest Palestinian Christian communities are living in the city and it is considered to be a home for these communities in the Middle East area.
The city has been under control of many conquerors; among them is Muhammad Ali of Egypt, the Ottoman Empire and the British Mandate on Palestine.
The Church of the Nativity has been built under the tradition of Jesus birthplace, and it is operating continuously in Bethlehem.
It is considered to be one of the oldest churches in the world that operate continuously.
The church's structure was built by Bishop Makarios of Jerusalem when it was dedicated to Constantine I of the Roman Empire.
The church, which stands in the middle of the city, is operated by coalition of Roman Catholic and Greek Orthodox.
More in the list of special sites to see in the city contains the King David's Well, where you can meet interesting mosaic from the Byzantine church.
You can also visit the church of Justinian's, the church of Constantine's and the Milk Cave.
The cave's white color is connected by the tradition to a drop of milk that fell from Miriam's breasts, when she breast feed baby Jesus.